Hospital Acquired Infections

Healthcare associated infections (HAI)/nosocomial infections are one of the most critical challenges in hospitals. 


HAI’s are the single most dangerous culprit in adverse effects and death-toll among patients. FOMITES, are one of these dangerous agents that enable the spread of disease/s to new hosts - these are items that their surfaces are contaminated, such as medical apparatus, and everyday objects .


HAI's are the most common complication affecting people in hospital, patients, visitors, and workers alike. These infections occur in any healthcare setting. These include office based practices such as general practice clinics, dental practices, community health services and long term care facilities. Infection prevention and control is central in providing high quality healthcare for both patients and workers. 

Healthcare facilities must combat HAI and apply prevention guidelines accordingly. The guidelines are for  all - patients, visitors, and all staff: healthcare professionals, managers and support staff.

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"Research emphasizes the potential role that fomites play in the spread of infectious disease in inpatient and outpatient clinical environments. This threat is not limited to hospitals; it also spreads via facility floors and any devices patients take home. We should not only ramp up cleaning and disinfection protocols...but also be proactive by minimizing the role fomites play in the spread of infectious diseases."

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"contaminated surfaces contribute to the transmission of hospital pathogens"

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“Current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines clearly state that “the stethoscope can be contaminated and spread disease.” “

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"Mobile phones as fomites for potential pathogens in hospitals: microbiome analysis reveals hidden contaminants"

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Noting that most hospital charts are contaminated, our study confirms that a hospital chart is not only a medical record but also an important source of potential infection”